The Kharif crops produced in large cultivation all over the country including cotton, rice and sugarcane will turn out to be the main beneficiaries of the monsoon rains as these rains will impact positively on the production. According to a senior official at the Ministry of National Food Security and Research (MNS&R) these rains will aid in increasing and improving the water levels in reservoirs which have been falling recently as well as act as a pivot element in the cultivation of major Kharif crops produced in the country including maize, sugarcane and rice.
He further added to his statement by saying that it will provide assistance in acquiring a paddy output for crops but long continuation of this rain may impact the crop negatively.
Agreeing with the proposed report, Dr. Khalid Abdullah of MNS&R stated that the rains will favorably affect both high delta Kharif crops such as rice, sugarcane and maize as well as low delta Kharif crops majorly and most importantly cotton. But he also addressed to an opposing scenario where he stated that if the situation turns out to be as that the rains continue for a long period of time or the country tends to receive normal amount of rainfall, it will be un-healthy for crops as rain results infecting the cotton crop with various diseases. He said that the cultivation of cotton has reached its final stages whereas rice is still in process. For the Kharif season of 2018-19 the target of sugarcane production set by The Federal Committee on Agriculture (FCA) is 68.157 million tons producing from an area of 1.161 million hectares, the target of paddy production has been fixed at 7 million tons cultivated from an area of 2.8 million hectares of land whereas the cotton production target set by the FCA for the production year of 2018-19 is 14.370 million bales of cotton cultivated from an area of 2.955 million hectares.
The Director General (DG) at Pakistan Meteorological Department (PMD) said that it is forecasted for monsoon to be more active in the first of ‘the monsoon season’ i.e. from July to mid-August rather than the second half.
“Significant rains are expected in the first half of the monsoon and it will improve water level in reservoirs”
As it can be observed from the above mentioned reports and facts, there is a hope that this monsoon season will serve to be a blessing for water level up keep and production in the Agriculture sector of Pakistan.