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How To Revitalize Pakistan’s Agricultural Sector & Rural Economy

As quoted by John Salazar,

“I have always said there is only one thing that can bring our nation down – our dependence on foreign countries for food and energy. Agriculture is the backbone of our economy.”

As Pakistan is an agricultural country, our maximum income comes from the crops we grow. The economic development of our country depends on the agriculture sector. Agriculture is the spine of an economy which helps in providing bread to the people of that state. It also gives the raw material to the industry. GDP consist of about 26 percent of agriculture, 52 percent of the population is getting its livelihood from it. 67.5 percent of the population of Pakistan lives in rural areas and are directly involved in it.

The rural economy experience problems due to the lack of Pakistan’s security and increased terrorism. From the last two decades, there is a notable decrease in the growth rates of agriculture. Agriculture growth also depends on weather and market fluctuations. The instability of growth can be controlled by public policy and investment.

The question arises how rural Pakistan can achieve sustained growth and reduce poverty?

For the healthy growth of our country, it is important to improve its agricultural and rural productivity and incomes. Rigorous efforts to manage land, soil, water, and energy more sustainably. It will also require dramatic reforms to markets for seed, fertilizer, land, and commodities such as wheat, and policies to clarify land tenure issues, encourage rural enterprise development, and improve the status of rural women.

Talking about growth, rural poverty is also needed to lessen and growth alone is not enough to eliminate poverty. Certain steps have to be taken regarding rural poverty too which includes dedicated attention to public services in the countryside, especially social safety nets and programs for health, education, community development, and women’s empowerment.

  • Adapt to climate change.

Much of the land of Pakistan is semi-arid, which makes it exposed to climate related shocks, alternate policies and investments should be made for water storage and distribution including canal rehabilitation, maintenance, and drainage, to keep water flowing, protect against severe floods, and meet the country’s changing water and energy needs.

  • Increase agricultural resilience.

If Pakistan wants a consistent growth, it must strengthen its agriculture sector against weather extremes including floods, heat, and cold, and against pests and diseases. This will require public investment and purposeful policy reforms in agricultural research, extension, seed systems, and agricultural input markets to support farmers.

  • Reallocate public funding.

Pakistani government should lessenspending from the domestic earning, storage, and distribution of wheat, which amounted to 24.84 billion Pakistan rupees (PKR), about $255 million, in 2012/13. Savings can also be made by reducing sponsorships to the fertilizer industry, with that money redirected to research and extension efforts designed to improve soil and fertility management.

  • Adapt to urbanization.

The rapid growth of Pakistan’s urban areas means that demand for high-value fresh products such as fruits, vegetables, dairy, and meat is expanding. Maximizing this important opportunity for rural growers, major infrastructure investments are required including more stable electricity services, reliable transport networks and other building blocks of modern supply chains.

  • Target poverty.

Improving conditions for the rural poor will require major investments and policy reforms at the national and provincial levels, including improved health and education service delivery; an expansion of hygiene and sanitation infrastructure in rural areas; and capacity strengthening for public service provision at the provincial and local levels.

  • Empower women.

Policy makers currently pay too little attention to the role of women in Pakistan’s rural society and economy, their inability to exit from low-productivity rural activities, and their disempowerment in economic and social aspects of day-to-day life. Though some existing social protection and microfinance programs are helping rural women, and these can be models for a much broader effort. With a stronger focus on better targeting and participation, social protection programs and community-driven development programs can be central to Pakistan’s poverty reduction strategy.

The review article will briefly discuss the above mentioned issues and some of the possible remedies under the environment of Pakistanand their adoption to improve the agricultural productivity in the country.

How to dress up smart with smart money

Style is a way to say who you are without saying anything”

The fashion upgradation, the desire to look matchless is everybody’s desire for sure regardless of the age. That doesn’t mean you have to spend thousands of dollars to be a style doyen. And of course,the budget becomes a limitation when you are looking for such a thing, it has the tendency to alter your choice and change the way you present yourself when you step out of the home.

But don’t worry, this article will change the way you dress by giving you tips about how to dress with smart money. Of course, it won’t change your bank status but surely teach how to shop in a way that won’t cost you a fortune but still make you look sassy enough, and enhance your dressing in the best way possible.

So let’s begin!

  • Consider vintage:
  • Choosing to wear vintage is a great way of looking fashionable, as well as it’s not much pricey. There are many other benefits of wearing vintage that I would like you to acquaint you with.

    • Distinctiveness:
    • If you despair at how everyone seems to dress and look the same these days, vintage is the answer! It allows you to be truly individual, and while it might take some nerve to stand out from the crowd, a vintage queen will never look like anyone else.

    • Class:
    • Does it annoy you how poorly made some modern garments seem to be? Vintage clothes were made to last, rather than being seen as disposable fashion. So buying a vintage garment for the same price as something new will likely give you a lot more wear for your money.

    • Sassy:
    • Fashion goes in cycles, so it is inevitable that retro looks will come back in at some point. If you’re already wearing vintage, though, you’re ahead of the pack, and you will look like a stylish fashion leader!

    • Fun to delve:
    • I find vintage shopping quite exciting, as you never know what you will find. There won’t be dozens of the same piece, so these shops can be a treasure trove! If you don’t find something you like, move on to the next shop, or come back next week, and you may find the perfect outfit.

    • Adding your creativity:
    • If you’re concerned that wearing vintage will make you look as though you’ve raided your granny’s wardrobe, do what many people in the fashion industry do. By matching vintage pieces with modern purchases, you create a unique and fresh look.

    • Beautiful nostalgia:
    • With many TV series and films being set in previous decades, this can often lead to a revival of vintage style. If you enjoy such programs and have an interest in history, adopting a vintage look can allow you to extend that interest in the past.

  • Accessories are mandatory:

Accessories like an elegant scarf, a piece of jewelry, matching a pair of shoes, cute purse etc. have a big role in enhancing the overall outlook of how a person looks. You don’t need to go for the pricey ones, there are many cheap accessories available that can complement your dressing well.

  • Review what you have in your wardrobe:

Are you among those who have clothes piled up in the wardrobe, but when they open it up to wear something—all they come with is “I have got nothing to wear!” well then the problem doesn’t lie in not having anything to wear, it’s the ignorance of what you already have. And trust me once you start digging in, you will find SO many clothes that can be used or you can match and mix them with the new ones for new combinations.

And if you don’t find them suitable, at least you will know you have to get rid of them to make room for new ones.

  • Online shopping is cheaper!

Ever thought why online shopping is cheaper than the other one? Because it doesn’t have the expenses of the shop itself.

So if you are looking for cheap shopping, consider shopping online instead of other stores.

It’s even good if you know your size well, you can buy plenty of dresses and accessories online at really cheap prices!

  • Your cash and friend can go hand in hand:

If you are habitual of shopping extra things that you don’t actually need, but you only do so out of temptation. Then you should take a friend with yourself when you out shopping so that he/she can stop you from extra shopping while giving logical reasons too. Preferable “Take your cash with yourself and leave the credit card at home”

But don’t take a friend that would support you to do the opposite of what you expect, or you will end up broke!

  • Stick to your thing:

It’s amazing to try different dresses and get-ups on special occasions. But when you aren’t sure about something, or you haven’t tried it before and you aren’t confident about it, then it’s better not to make it an option. Know what suits you, what looks best in and stick to it.Dressy occasions aren’t the time to play with trends, so know your silhouette and stick to it to always look your best. Perfect example: Sofia Vergara knows she looks good in mermaid dresses, and always chooses variations of the shape on red carpets.

In other cases just to look different some people end up wearing something awful that ruins the occasion.

  • Last but not least, know your worth:

No matter however you dress up, always know that your worth can’t be changed by it. It’s not the dress that matters it’s about the person inside it. Ugly nature can’t be hidden by wearing mesmerizing dresses and good character can’t be snubbed by wearing cheap dresses. So chill, realize that your true value does not come from your amazing new jeans or that awesome necklace.

I hope this article helps to render your fashion sense as well as enhance it!

Ways in which technology has improved agriculture exceptional!

No doubt since the rise of technology, billions of lifestyles, countless processes and a huge number of businesses have been touched and improved with it. Technology has not only made things easier but has taken life to another level of excellence. Medical, school, household, businesses etc., you name it and there’s nothing that technology hasn’t affected in better way.

Our concerning matter is Agriculture. And technology has helped a lot in improving things around if we talk about it too. In fact, there is an endless list of processes that have been improved through technology.

The way technology has evolved agriculture, it is surely worth having a look at. So below I have mentioned 6 ways in which technology has improved agriculture:

  • Finance:

Having a good financial back up is a big factor that involves in the betterment of agriculture. Lack of it takes a big toll on everything that follows ahead. The latest financial methods, accounts, banking,and payroll software have simplified things a lot and it is possible to keep a proper record of financial matters.The simplifying and streamlining of book work, better budgeting, improved reporting capabilities. Not only that, loan and debts have made it easier for farmers to support the growth of their crops and pay back later when they get paid. So overall, not only farmers have a great benefit from it but also the government party and other businesses that deal with agriculture directly for raw material. Financial processes take less time and create fewer headaches for many.

  • Farm management:

Back then only a few people were involved in taking care of the livestock. Which caused mismanagement as well as the spread of unknown diseases among the whole lot. Loss of livestock either due to death or improper management.

But now proper management of livestock through technology has improved things to the next level. Management of livestock numbers provides producers with many advantages. Some include monitoring livestock movements, trading, reporting, forward planning,and feeding programs. New technology and applications streamline this process. It allows producers to track their livestock. As well as create reports that assist in tracking their effectiveness and cost. Additionally, Using technology, the lifetime tractability of livestock is now more effective than ever.Having lifetime tractability is important for various reasons including, Disease Response, market access,reputation,identification.

  • Vehicle operation tracking and GPS:
    There are numerous applications of High-precision GPS tracker for vehicles in precision agriculture such as in farm planning, field mapping, tractor guidance, crop surveillance,and yield mapping. Farmers can manage land, water, seed stock, fertilizer and pesticide use, labor and livestock.

    Global Positioning System can be used in the following ways by farmers:

    • Tractor Guidance: Farmers can put their agriculture machinery such tractors, harvesters, and cultivators on auto-pilot. Advanced machinery can be programmed to follow a set route or guide with the help of Vehicle GPS Tracking System. Machines can be programmed and timed for major farming tasks like cultivating, fertilizing, harvesting and spraying of pesticides.
    • Crop Surveillance: Micromanaging and surveying of crop fields becomes a piece of cake with High-precision positioning GPS Systems. Pest, insect and weed infestations can be easily mapped and pinpointed. Aircraft sprayers and crop dusters can be easily guided over fields with the help of a Vehicle GPS Tracking Devices. This minimizes excessive usage of chemicals and chemical drift.
    • Tracking Livestock: Livestock, cattle or pets can be easily monitored on a large farm. Collars worn by the animals which are fitted with GPS Trackers can easily track them on a real-time basis. These hassle-free collars are comfortable to wear and provide real-time tracking data to farmers.
    • Yield Monitoring: GPS makes tracking of yield variations possible by collecting timely geospatial information. It allows farmers to precisely navigate and position specific locations in the field where the probability of a better yield is higher. This facilitates future management decisions and input recommendations.
  • Digital marketing monitoring:

Technology has transformed the waymarketing is done, allowing small businesses to scale marketing operations and rival those of large corporations. This means that agribusiness has unprecedented power to the efforts in marketing to farmers. Farmer no longer needs a large team to run a scaled marketing operation. And not even a massive budget – most of the tools farmers can get free or a very low price. And the return on investment gained is going to make every penny spent worth it.

New software allows users to track their online activity, to manage the website and social media campaign activity. Facebook has developed their technology so that reporting is easy and free. Which is useful for many users who what to know who is watching and when.

  • Work, health, safety,and human resource:

Work, health, safety,and human resource management is as important in agriculture as it is in other businesses. You might have seen a huge role of HR in any company you step in. in fact, no business can properly run with the absence of HR. And the introduction of HR in agriculture has caused much positivity and improvement in so many things. Managing WHS and HR can take a significant amount of time, stress and energy. It has helped to educate farmers regarding many important matters. Following things can be done through HR: Inductions, policies and procedures, form templates, Stress-free hazard and incident reporting, Plant and equipment registers, SDS registers etc.

  • Remote monitoring and the use of drones:

The eye of monitor and drones can reach where you physically can’t. Of course, it’s not possible to take care of thousands of acres for a limited number of people and to make sure that thongs are running normal and just fine. Crop health monitoring, site/ paddock surveying, stock feed bunk monitoring,water point checking can be done through the drones and RM.

No matter how small or large an agriculture business is. Technology has touched the agribusiness in many ways. To have a good growing agriculture business it is very important to be acquainted with the technology that is offered today.

The customer is always right? You have been doing it wrong!

Being an employee, have you ever felt the customer got too much on your nerves? But just for the repute of the company and to save its goodwill, you work and tolerate all the rude behavior that comes from customers. That’s because no matter what your moral standards are, you have been brain-washed during the training and made to believe that “The customer is always right”

Well, believe it or not, this phrase has more bad consequences than good ones. And it (the phrase) should be abandoned by businesses for good!

I know accepting things beyond the norm is weird and not always welcomed. But today I will make you believe that why “The customer is always right” is actually wrong. But first,let metell you where this camefrom?

“The customer is always right” is a motto or slogan which exhorts service staff to give a high priority to customer satisfaction. It was popularized by pioneering and successful retailers such as Harry Gordon Selfridge, John Wanamaker,and Marshall Field. They advocated that customer complaints should be treated seriously so that customers do not feel cheated or deceived. This attitude was novel and influential when misrepresentation was rife and caveat emptor (let the buyer beware) was a common legal maxim” (the early 1900s)

For the person who checked it: the above mentioned fact is the authentication to the reader that “the customer is always right” wasn’t a self-made concept—but given by a trust worthy resource. It is better to give support of research or something of the similar nature, I haven’t removed it because of that. Even below, Forbes and other company’s example is given.

Let’s have a better look at the facts below that are worth considering, also if you are running a company or work in the HR department, you better read this article.

  • Unknowingly, the reason for employees bad mental health:

Employees are the precious assets of the company. Their mental wellbeing is very important for the company itself. Some survey I got right in hand to support this.

According to Forbes,

“In this 2016 Work and Well-Being Survey, less than half of working Americans reported that their organization supports the well-being of its employees. The same survey found 1 in 3 of us feel chronically stressed on the job.  If happier workers = more productive workers, what’s stopping companies—and their employees—from taking action?”

Taking care of employees mental health doesn’t mean offering few holidays or extra remuneration. It’s about talking out the factors that bother them in the work place. To work on the limitations and control the external factors responsible for ruining the “good environment” in the work place. And the unfair behavior of customers is also one of the things that need to be counted among those.

Of course, there are plenty of examples of bad employees giving unfair customer service but giving a generalized statement to cover that up by saying “the customer is always right” is actually nonproductive.

  • It Gives Coarse Customers a One-sided/unfair Advantage:

Even after having certain rules and policies of the company, it can be really testy to deal with some customers. They might bring up certain demands that are not possible to meet or be manipulative to gain advantage for themselves by proving unfair drama. Such things make employees’ job harder.

In such circumstances, even the employees cannot do much because they are ones who have to save the company’s dignity, and unfortunately—just give up!

Be nice to nice customers, but if you are fulfilling unjust demands and condition, such customers will coming back and hence things will be messed up.

A good company is the one who has just policies for all customers but also holdsflexibility to deal with unfavorable circumstances.

  • The certain customer can be unhealthy for the business:

You might think the more customers you have the better it is for the business. But it’s not true in all cases. Instead, it can turn out to be that some customers can cause major damage to the company or its repute.

Let me give you a helpful example.

Danish IT service provider ServiceGruppen proudly tells this story:

“One of our service technicians arrived at a customer’s site for a maintenance task, and to his great shock was treated very rudely by the customer.

When he’d finished the task and returned to the office, he told management about his experience. They promptly cancelled the customer’s contract”

Just like Kelleher dismissed the irate lady who kept complaining (but somehow also kept flying on Southwest), ServiceGruppen fired a bad customer. Note that it was not even a matter of a financial calculation — not a question of whether either company would make or lose money on that customer in the long run. It was a simple matter of respect and dignity and of treating their employees. Seems fair enough? Yep!

Just like that, you might see many other examples of such customers. So would you say “the customer is always right”?

  • Tit for tat:

Have you ever heard the “Tit for Tat” situation? The way you behave is what you get in return. When you put the employees first, they put the customers first. Put employees first and they will be happy at work. Employees who are happy at work give better customer service because:

  • The care about the company, and it’s customers they deal with
  • They work enthusiastically
  • They have a positive energy, both towards the work and office environment
  • They are motivated enough, customers are their priority

On the other hand, when the company and management consistently side with customers instead of with employees, it sends a clear message that:

  • Employees and their needs are undervalued
  • Treating employees in a good manner is not important, only the sale is
  • Employees have no right to get respect from customers, hence can create low self-esteem in them.
  • Employees have to put up with everything from customers, no matter how worse the situation gets

When this attitude prevails, employees stop caring about service. At that point, genuinely good service is almost impossible — the best customers can hope for is fake good service. You know what I mean: courteous on the surface only.

After reading the facts above, I am sure that you won’t consider the customer always right (when unfair circumstances) and be the better judge of right or wrong.

May you have happy customer service! 😉

Isn’t there something fascinating about dreams?

Ever felt strange happenings while dreaming? Or whatever you dream about just came true? Or maybe whatever you dream about was your childhood wish?

Dreams have fascinated people from the beginning of time. People believe dreams foretell the future; that they have psychological meanings; we commune with spirits and the dead; that there are visitations from ancestors; dreams make prophesies and are filled with omens and auguries. They are steeped in mystery, as if written in some kind of secret code, decipherable to a special few.

Isn’t it enthralling how different meaning dreams can have? Let’s find out some interesting things about dreams!

Macrobius” a Roman, described 5 types of dreams:

  1. Somnium: an enigmatic mysterious dream requiring interpretation; think Freud and psychoanalysis.
  2. Visio: a prophetic vision that predicts a future that comes true; think Jacob’s Dream in the Bible
  3. Oraculum: prophetic dream in which an authority figure plays a role; think of the visions of Joan of Arc in which three saints instruct her to recover France from the English.
  4. Insomnium: a nightmare or false or disturbing dream caused by a pathological condition; think the repetitive nightmares of PTSD
  5. Visum: a nightmare that include apparitions and contact with supernatural beings; think Scrooge’s journeys into the past and future in Dickens’ Christmas Carol.

Dreams:

Dreaming is another form of consciousness and it is defined as, “A hallucinatory experience during sleep consisting of visual images related in a story-like structure, which are accepted as reality at the time.”

The average person spends about 6 years of their life dreaming. Most dreams serve as a review of the day and are related to the day’s activities. Interestingly, our brains register more stimuli during the day than we realize and our brains will then take this unnoticed information and incorporate it into our dreams.

While there is no scientific evidence for dreams having any symbolic meaning there are many theories about dreams and their purposes.

Some of these theories include:

  • “The information processing theory proposers that our dreams help us sort our tan process the day’s events and fix them into our memory”
  • “The Physiological Function Theory suggests that dreaming may promote neural development and preserve neural pathways by providing the brain with stimulation”
  • “Dreams are part of our cognitive development, they draw on our knowledge and understanding of the world, mimicking reality”
  • “REM sleep triggers neural activity, and dreams are an accidental side-effect”

Explication of dream:

How is it that Eddie went to bed that night and was awakened eight hours later by killing a monster in a dream?

The meaning of the dream is as follows: The anxiety that generated the dream derived from the argument with the professor. The way a dream operates is that the surface conflict is like the crust of a piece of pie. The deeper meaning of the dream cuts all the way to the center of the pie, to his core. Eddie re-enacts a form of the already established internal play to digest the surface conflict. The feeling relatedness in Eddie’s dream is one of sadomasochism. The ogre, a monomaniacal bully, hates Eddie. He is stalking Eddie in order to kill him. Eddie is in the masochistic position of this relationship. He is threatened, terrified, humiliated, and impotent. By his actions later in the dream, it is clear that the masochist in this relationship is also filled with hatred and murderous rage. The limbic system clearly creates the feeling relationship between dream characters.

The inner context for the dream, then, was a story that already existed inside Eddie. This story and inner world derived from Eddie’s formative emotional experience with his mother and father. The emotional conflict with the professor resonated with this inner story. The surface of his inner story was the problematic relationship with his father, who was an arrogant, self-involved, and cruel man. Eddie spent his childhood hopelessly seeking his father’s approval but to no avail. When Eddie sought approval from his professor, sure enough, his hopes were dashed once again. He was forced to submit to unresponsive disapproval from male authority.

More profoundly, the inner story of Eddie and his father telescoped to the more disturbing relationship with his mother. Hers was a secret world of physical and emotional sadism and violence. In fact, his father’s humiliations were an extension of the core violations by his mother. Eddie’s experience of his father was already filtered by what had come before. The relationship between Eddie and his mother was one of unadulterated sadomasochism. Mother related to Eddie by her sadistic and violent rage. As the masochistic object of this rage, Eddie was on the receiving end of unrelenting physical and emotional abuse, cruelty, humiliation, and threat. He was helpless, impotent, and intimidated.

Therefore:

This dream is a model as to how dreams operate. For the most part we have to digest emotional conflicts which happen on a daily basis. The issues that may occupy the dream stage are combats, quests, challenges, boredoms, wishes, hopes, curiosities, pain, disappointments, sexual interests and stimulations, fantasies, competitions, fears, anxieties, cruelty, sadism, humiliations, sufferings, abuse, deprivations, traumas, envies, jealousies, sadness’s, and otherwise the full panoply of life’s dramas, engagements, and relationship adventures. The conflicts to be digested aren’t always emotional ones. Sometimes when a person is cognitively trying to solve a problem, and this is the context that is on his plate when he goes to sleep. The dream may through its dream work digest the problem and come up with a solution. On awakening if one remembers the dream he will see the solution. If one doesn’t remember the dream he’ll come to the solution refreshed in the morning.

Do you want to know about some interesting facts about dreams?

  • Not everybody can dream in color: Approximately 12% of people dream only in black-and-white and the rest can dream in full color. That’s a fascinating fact. And, this can be linked to technology and invention of color media/television. So is there something called dream colors meaning? I’m pretty sure, there is.
  • We forget at least 90% of the dreams: Hasn’t it happened to you that as soon as you wake up, you can’t seem to remember what you were dreaming about? This is true that within 5 minutes of us waking up from a dream, half the dream is already forgotten. And within 10 minutes, 90% of the dream is lost. This is why we have such a hard time remembering dreams.
  • Emotions experienced in our dreams are real: People tend to experience anxiety the most in their dreams. Such negative emotions appear more in our dreams than positive ones.
  • Blind people can dream too: People who’ve lost their eye-sight after birth can see some images while asleep. Now those who are blind since birth don’t see any images, however, they experience vivid dreams that involve their sense of smell, touch, emotions and sound. All physical situations help make dreams, which in short provides blind people ability to dream.
  • Animals dream as well, it’s not just a human thing: Do dogs dream? Or how about cats? Any other animals? Studies have actually proven that many different animals show similar brain waves during “dream sleep” as we do. If you have a dog or cat, watch when he/she is sleeping. Any kind of paw movements that indicate that they are running (while making a yapping sound) will mean that they are chasing someone/something.
  • External stimuli tend to invade our dreams: Also called “dream incorporation”, our mind starts to interpret the external stimuli that storm our senses while we sleep and they become a part of our dreams. For example, we hear a sound in reality and then incorporate it in our dreams in some way or another.
  • We can only dream of what we know:There may be strange faces and/or places in our dreams, but your mind is not making any of this up. You may not remember the places and faces during your life, but your mind does. And hence, when you feel you don’t know someone, in fact, you have seen him/her sometime in your life.

Looking forward to what will you dream next? 😉

Women feel more guilt – 8 unchaining ways to stop feeling guilty!

How can you unchain yourself from unnecessary guilt?

You might have heard women often saying “Whatever I do it’s never enough!” or “I wish I had worked harder” or “I forgot to buy the bread… what wrong with me?” or “ It was so selfish of me to go for the party alone” etc.

Like other emotions, guilt is also one of them that we all experience in various tendencies. But according to confirmation though many types of research it has been proved that women are prone to feel more guilt than men.

There was a research conducted in three different age groups, and the highest gap of women feeling more guilt than men was 40-50 year old range.

Through a research, it was also found out that what reasons caused them to feel more guilt. The main factors were “(a) when they were taking calls from work while it was family time and (b) while responding to work emails when at home”.

Other than that, this was also proven that millennial women felt more guilt for taking a vacation.

So, it has been proven many times that women feel more guilt than men, want to know why is that?

Why do women feel more guilt?

The answer lies in the manner of socialization and male dominance as well. It’s not a new thing that women and girls are expected to be social, make good connections, compromise for family’s sake and conform according to the environment offered. As well as are expected to take care of everybody’s feeling no matter how much they are hurt inside.

Talking about the other factor, in many cultures even now male dominance is considered the higher power and accepted without a second thought, hence increasing the possibility of self-doubt and guilt in women.

 Is it healthy to feel guilty?

Like other emotions are healthy to experience, so is guilt. By feeling guilt you correct your wrong doings. Recognize your core values and try to meet those standards that you have fixed for yourself. You can improve your relationships with your loved ones too.

But what about those who feel unnecessary guilt? It’s a psychological burden that hinders the normal functionality of a healthy life.

As a fact, excessive guilt is also a symptom of depression. Excessive guilt has also been associated with a history of childhood trauma and post-traumatic stress disorder (stress after a traumatic event in life). Excessive guilt is also a symptom of other disorders which people don’t recognize.

What can you do on your end?

For sure this feeling and repetitive thoughts can be very disturbing. And this psychological burden of excessive stress can drain your mental energy leaving you unable to function healthily.

However,ladies, I have got some tips for you that will help you eliminate this unwanted feeling. But you have to be patient with yourself!

  • Look for proof:

Cloudy things might keep you worried all the time. The solution is to present yourself with proof and stick to it. forexample, if you think you are not performing your daily duties well, then make a list of all those things you usually do and tally your tasks with it. Same is the case if you are a family person. Make a list of all the chores and errands to run, and follow them up.

  • Open up and ensure:

Rather than wondering and assuming things all the time, directly communicate with people and use your sources to ensure the proper information. As well as think and consider things from the outside prism. Ask your loved ones/people who are close to you that what they feel about your actions. If you lack to fulfil their needs, find solutions and strike a balance while considering your needs as well.

  • Self-gratitude,please!

You deserve to be valued and that should be your own self who does that. Make a gratitude journal, and write any 2-3 things you did that you liked about yourself or any likeable action that made people happy. This will drift your mind away from self-guilt and negative thoughts and enhance self-esteem.

  • Swap your place with the other person:

How does that help? We often wonder why others do the things they do. We question their actions and doubt our own worth and abilities.

By swapping yourself with their place you can have a more objective view of the matter. To survive, it’s important to understand people’s perspective too.

  • The addition of gray:

Thinking and dealing with matters in the light of “black and white” (a metaphor for 2 extremes) can be really harmful to you. Try adding a bit gray element, look at the situation through multiple prisms, consider all the possibilities and go with the best one. This will help you to be flexible in your decisions.

  • Is guilt a cloak upon other emotions, figure that out!

If you are in a toxic relationship, the other partner might consider you selfish for taking care of your own emotional needs or setting certain boundaries. You might be angry, hurt or scared but this confusing conflict within yourself might be masking guilt.

In such a case, disconnect yourself form the toxic relation for a while and organize and recognize the problematic factors, keep them on a table and look for solutions.

  • Judge your limits, act accordingly:

It’s better to let the curtain down and be as much honest as you can be. It’s not necessary to push yourself to the dead point and then stop. Be the boss of your actions, make those commitments which you know you can fulfil and not beyond that.

  • Take care of yourself:

It’s time to give yourself all the care that you gave others while ignoring yourself. Take an hour or a few off from work and other duties and do things that you love to. Dine out with a friend, go fishing or do anything that is a source of inner peace for you.

By following the given tips above, you will gradually feel light-weighted from all the excessive burden that you have been carrying that actually doesn’t belong to you.

Free yourself from the chains, its time to shine ladies!

Look out for the following signs in your teen child, they might be suffering from Teen Depression!

Teenage is a period of extreme highs and lows when it comes to emotions, realization of individuality, hormonal and bodily changes. It’s like a rollercoaster ride that is exciting as well as seems scary to them at the same time.

But have you ever wondered whether your irritable or unhappy adolescent might actually be experiencing teen depression? Of course, most teens feel unhappy at times. And when you add hormone havoc to the many other changes happening in a teen’s life, it’s easy to see why their moods swing like a pendulum. Yet findings show that one out of every eight adolescents has teen depression.

But why teens get depression?

Not one, there are multiple reasons why a teenager might become depressed. For example, teens can develop feelings of worthlessness and inadequacy over their grades. School performance, social status with peers, sexual orientation, or family life can each have a major effect on how a teen feels. Sometimes, teen depression may result from environmental stress that is inevitable.

Symptoms of teen depression:

You will experience a noticeable change in their behavior and thinking patterns, the following are the most prominent ones:

  • Apathy
  • Complaints of pains, including headaches, stomachaches, low back pain, or fatigue
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Difficulty making decisions
  • Excessive or inappropriate guilt
  • Irresponsible behavior-for example, forgetting obligations, being late for classes, skipping school
  • Loss of interest in food or compulsive overeating that results in rapid weight loss or gain
  • Memory loss
  • Preoccupation with death and dying
  • Rebellious behavior
  • Sadness, anxiety, or a feeling of hopelessness
  • Staying awake at night and sleeping during the day
  • The sudden drop in grades
  • Use of alcohol or drugs and promiscuous sexual activity
  • Withdrawal from friends

Diagnosis of teen depression:

There aren’t any specific medical tests that can detect depression. But usually, the persistency and consistency of the symptoms are considered to diagnose depression. Health care professionals determine if a teen has depression by conducting interviews and psychological tests with the teen and his or her family members, teachers, and peers.

The severity of the teen depression and the risk of suicide are determined based on the assessment of these interviews. Treatment recommendations are also made based on the data collected from the interviews.

The physician/psychologist will also look for signs of potentially co-existing psychiatric disorders such as anxiety or substance abuse or screen for complex forms of depression such as bipolar disorder (manic depressive illness) or psychosis. The physician/psychologist will also assess the teen for risks of suicidal or homicidal features. Incidences of attempted suicide and self-mutilation are higher in females than males while completed suicide is higher in males. One of the most vulnerable groups for completed suicide is the 18-24 age group.

Treatment:

There are a variety of methods used to treat depression, including medications and psychotherapy. Family therapy may be helpful if family conflict is contributing to a teen’s depression. The teen will also need support from family or teachers to help with any school or peer problems. Occasionally, hospitalization in a psychiatric unit may be required for teenagers with severe depression.

Your mental health care provider will determine the best course of treatment for your teen.

According to research, it has been determined that antidepressant medications can, rarely, increase the risk of suicidal thinking and behavior in children and adolescents with depression and other psychiatric disorders. Use of antidepressants in younger patients,therefore, requires especially close monitoring and follow-up by the treating doctor.

  • Warning signs to spot before things get worse!
  • Expressing hopelessness for the future
  • Giving up on one’s self, talking as if no one else cares
  • Preparing for death, giving away favorite possessions, writing goodbye letters, or making a will
  • Starting to use or abuse drugs or alcohol to aid sleep or for relief from their mental anguish
  • Threatening to kill one’s self.

Parental strategies to help teens cope up with depression:

Parenting is not an easy cheesy job. It requires a balance of everything as well as good communication techniques that can be helpful for your teen to reduce stress and alleviate depression.

  • When disciplining your teen, replace shame and punishment with positive reinforcement for good behavior. Shame and punishment can make an adolescent feel worthless and insufficient.
  • Allow your teenager to make mistakes. Overprotecting or making decisions for teens can be perceived as a lack of faith in their capabilities and mistrust. This can make them feel less confident as well as lower self-esteem.
  • Give your teen breathing room (personal space). Don’t expect teens to do exactly as you say all of the time.
  • Do not force your teen down a road you wanted to follow. Avoid trying to relive your youth through your teen’s activities and experiences. Keep in mind that you as a teen was raised in a different era and as they are living a different one.
  • If you suspect that your teen is depressed, take the time to listen to his or her concerns. Even if you don’t think the problem is of real concern, remember that it may feel very real to someone who is growing up.The communication gap between child and parent can be a really big cause behind teen depression.
  • Keep the lines of communication open, even if your teen seems to want to withdraw.
  • Try to avoid telling your teen what to do. Instead, listen closely and you may discover more about the issues causing the problems.
  • If there is a close friend or family member your teen is close to and comfortable with, you might suggest your teen talk with this person about his or her concerns.
  • Last but not the least, make sure you are emotionally present for them!

If you feel that your strategies and efforts are not helping enough, do not hesitate to consult a counselor who can provide you with the required help. Depression carries a high risk of suicide. If your child expresses suicidal thoughts or intentions should be taken very seriously!

14 August- A New Beginning

Pakistan, the land of pure, has both the political and the religious context. It would not wrong if said that the spark of struggle started thereafter the British rule in sub-continent.

After the downfall of Mughal Empire, several leaders arose to spread awareness of Muslim identity. Few of them were Shah Walli Ullah, Syed Ahmed Shaheed Brailvi, Haji Shariattullah and Sir Syed Ahmed Khan. They all are well-known for their works and movements. Shah Walli Ullah wrote 28 books in Persian and 23 books in Arabic for the common man to inspire them join his movement. He removed the differences between Shia and Sunni and asked them to make united efforts. Later, Syed Ahmed Shaheed Brailvi started Jihad Movement to renaissance Islam in sub-continent which awakened the spirits of Muslims and united them against inhumane attitude of the enemies. Meanwhile Haji Shariattullah was also busy running his Faraizi Movement in Bengal. He found condition of Muslims miserable and were busy in non-Islamic activities. Muslims were unaware of teachings of Islam just because they were in a community where several religions were being practiced. Secondly, there was lack of education too. Sir Syed Ahmed Khan configured the reasons of such behavior and acts. So, he established a school where five languages including English were also taught. He worked on M.A.O High School and made it a college. In 1877, he upgraded the college into university. He did it because he knew Muslims can only compete with Hindus when they would have bettered education. His Aligarh Movement is remarkable when he spread awareness about the downfall of Mughal and results of Independence War after which Muslims were tortured by British and Hindus as well. He was the first one who stood for Urdu Language in sub-continent and proposed the ‘Two Nation Theory’. With these works, it was cleared enough that Muslims and Hindus cannot live together in peace. There should be separate land for the Religions/Nations. Both were different from each other on the basis of beliefs, rituals and as whole identify.

All Indian Congress was formed in 1885 and it never worked for the interest of Muslims but for their own interest- Subcontinent for Hindus only. With the passage of time Muslims came to know about their design. There were Muslims majority in several areas but Congress always tried to prove them as a minority. During the partition of Bengal too, British passed an order in the favor of Hindus and annul the partition of Bengal. Therefore, it became necessary for Muslims to stand with their identity and struggle for rights. All Muslim League party came into existence in 1906 to safeguard the rights of Muslims. Sir Salim ullah took the initiative to ask Nawab Mohsin-ul-Mulk to arrange meeting for ‘All India Muslim League’. There are many other names too associated with the struggle. Without any one member, it would have a dream to raise voice for Muslim rights. After the formation of ‘All India Muslim League’, they got success on every step and every step led them to formation of the pure land- Pakistan.

Quaid-e-Azam made huge struggle to earn this name. He started his journey with All India Muslim League in 1913 with an aim to rejoin Hindus and Muslims but later he found that Muslim deserved separate homeland. The party lost votes several times but they never loss their hope. They knew that there are Muslims majority in the sub-continent and they just need to spread awareness. Spreading awareness helped them to gain more seats in Legislative Assembly. There are numerous events in the history where the party made proposals and they got succeeded. Story of Pakistan not only includes the struggle but the sacrifices too; Sacrifices of food, animals, belonging and even of lives.

One of migrated families is of Syed Shamima Khatoon who migrated from India and settled in Islamabad. She shared her experience as she has sweet memories of the greatest divide of the sub-continent and some bitter memories related to the events occurred. Everyone was very excited to have their separate Muslim land. On the other hand, Hindus ensured that no one purchases any possession from the migrating families. So, it was depressing time for migrating families to leave their belongings in India and migrate to Pakistan with no money in hand. Usually, migrating families travelled at night to stay safe but Hindus and Sikhs made their way hardest. They used to kill and bribe migrating families and many males were slaughtered for saving the honor of females. It was heavy duty on bus drivers to take their passengers safely to safe passages. They used to drive over the scattered bodies. From those who arrived safe to railway station, many were bribed and killed on the way to Lahore. The females were raped and then killed. Families waiting on Lahore railway only found train full of dead bodies. There were some families which were missing and their loved ones never found their missed family members. The ones who were alive were unconscious. It was very difficult for the families to accept the reality. Even imagining this incident is horrifying!

A Pure Land, Pakistan was dream of Allama Iqbal. He was a great poet and a philosopher too. He used his poetry to spread awareness among Muslims for their Nationhood. His poetry reflected two Nation theory and Islamic Nationality. He stood by the side of Quaid-e-Azam and supported him. He was elected as the member of Punjab’s Legislative Assembly in 1926 and worked for Muslim’s identity. His Allahabad Address of 1930 gave the idea of independence to the Muslims of India. He died in 1938 but his dream did not give up. People sacrificed their belongings and migrated to Pakistan to make Allama Iqbal’s dream a reality.

Pakistan came into being on 14 August, 1947; A day that is celebrated as Independence Day in Pakistan. Many families migrated to Pakistan with no money in hand and many migrated without their love ones. They all faced this tragedy with lots of patience. They had lost everything except their faith! The faith and belief in Allah made it happen. Every year, these sacrifices and efforts are recalled and we salute our Heroes; Heroes are not only the leaders but the migrated families too who suffered a lot for the formation of Pakistan.

Long live Pakistan! <3

Investigation Report of Askari Park’s Incident Disclosed the Reasons of Failure

A swing accident on 16 July, 2018 in Karachi left everyone speechless about the incident. The swing named ‘Monster’ fell due to its broken bolts. It was 16-seater ride in which one teenage girl Kashaf of 14 years died and several other children wounded. According to Commissioner Karachi Saleh Farooqi, his team would inquire the incident as soon as possible and get the reason for it.  He further added, “If a criminal element was present, it would be presented during the investigation. The investigation would be conducted in a clear-cut manner.” The park was announced to remain closed until a complete technical check-up of the park. Addition to that, he explained to take legal action against the park’s administration.

According to investigation report of Askari Park’s swing accident, incident happened due to ill-fittings of the swing. The report elaborated that the swing was already in use in China and it was imported from there. Secondly, the operating staff of swing was neither well trained nor was well qualified for the job. Altogether, highlighted reasons were usage of low quality material, inappropriate wielding and misfit net bolts that caused severe incident.

The managerial staff of the park is instructed to work according to SOP (Standard Operating Procedure), but the stake holders, audit team and operating staff would be held accountable for installing such swing in the park.

The park will reopen after a serious inspection of all installed swings to avoid an unpleasant event in future.

 

US GDP increased to 4.1% in second quarter of 2018

US economy experienced 4.1% increase in GDP in second quarter of 2018. Since 2014, this growth rate is the strongest ones. US average GDP is 3.22% from 1947 to 2018. The highest GDP was recorded back in first quarter of 1950 of 16.70% and the lowest was recorded in first quarter of 1958 of -10%. According to BEA (The Bureau of Economic Analysis), second quarter’s GDP is double as of first quarter’s GDP. In first quarter it was 2.2%.

Donald Trump had promised to increase US GDP to 4% with the help of major tax cuts and infrastructure investment. He remained successful with his aim in second quarter of 2018. GDP goal of Trump’s official administration is to sustain US GDP of 3% and they are working for it. They managed to increase private domestic final sales excluding inventories, trade and government outlays.

There are mainly four components of calculating GDP of any country. It includes Household Spending, Business Investment, Government Spending and Net Exports. According to statistics agency, this increase is due to positive contributions by business investments, net exports and household spending.

Household spending is the major component to increase GDP which has capability to boost up the economy to the maximum. In US case, it exceeded 3% and contributed 2.69% in GDP growth. Population spent more on purchasing new auto mobiles, healthcare, utilities, housing, accommodations and food services. Another factor is lower taxes which ultimately benefited consumer purchasing power from hiring more staff. There is low unemployment rate in US in 2018 as compared to 1969 which positively affected US finances, borrowing costs and inflation points.

Second major component to increase GDP is Business investment. Nonresidential business investment in US increased and contributed 1% point to increase GDPA. It includes investment by equipment, intellectual property products and structures.

A third factor is Net exports. The exports increased 9.3% but imports remained 0.5%, due to which, net export contributed 1.06% to increase US GDP.

An increase to 4.1% GDP is a huge success within itself but some analyst think that trade war may affect this rate and it may fall back later in 2018.